How Renewable Energy Helps Climate Change (Explained)

In an era of rising temperatures and unpredictable weather, renewable energy is a necessity. By tapping into nature’s power, renewable sources can help combat climate change. People ask, however, one question: how renewable energy helps climate change?

In mitigating climate change, renewable energy significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Harnessing natural sources like sunlight, wind, and water offers a clean and sustainable alternative to fossil fuels, curbing pollution. Also, minimizing climate change’s negative impacts on a global scale.

The article examines how renewable energy’s innovative approaches and sustainable practices can address climate change’s environmental challenges. Renewable energy has become an indispensable ally toward a sustainable future for future generations.

Let’s have an in-depth discussion!

Types Of Renewable Energy and Their Impact on Climate Change

how renewable energy helps climate changeRenewable energy sources offer diverse methods of harnessing natural processes to generate clean power. Each type has unique characteristics and contributes differently to mitigating climate change.

Here’s an in-depth look at various renewable energy sources and their impact on climate change:

1. Solar Energy

Solar power captures sunlight using photovoltaic cells or solar thermal systems. Photovoltaic cells convert sunlight directly into electricity, while solar thermal systems use sunlight to heat fluids that drive turbines.

Solar energy is making its mark from individual home rooftops to massive utility-scale farms. Between 2007 and 2017, the world witnessed an astonishing 4,300% increase in total installed energy capacity from photovoltaic panels in just a decade.

Also, they are abundant and reduces CO2 emissions by replacing fossil fuels. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), solar energy could provide 27% of global electricity by 2050, significantly reducing emissions.

2. Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectric power utilizes flowing water to turn turbines. While it reduces CO2 emissions compared to fossil fuels, dam construction can release methane and alter ecosystems.

It contributes to roughly 16% of global electricity production and is one of the most widely used renewable energy sources. China is the world’s largest hydropower producer, followed by Canada and Brazil.

However, IEA projects hydroelectricity’s potential to grow by 60% by 2050, significantly impacting emissions reduction.

3. Wind Energy

Wind turbines convert the wind’s kinetic energy into electricity. In fact, wind power emits zero carbon dioxide during operation, reducing CO2 emissions. Wind energy’s ancient roots have evolved into modern electricity-generating wind turbines.

However, China, the U.S., and Germany lead global wind production. Between 2001 and 2017, cumulative wind capacity soared over 22-fold, from 23,900 MW to 539,000 MW. Despite aesthetics and noise concerns, wind’s decreasing costs make it an invaluable resource.

Onshore dominates, while offshore projects emerge, notably in the U.K. and Germany. Addressing wildlife risks, like bird and bat fatalities, remains challenging, spurring efforts for safer turbine designs. Wind power’s ascent underscores its vital role in a changing energy landscape.

4. Geothermal Energy

Geothermal energy is a renewable source that harnesses the natural heat beneath the Earth’s surface. It has been gaining attention and popularity worldwide due to its potential as a clean and sustainable energy solution.

According to data from the International Renewable Energy Agency, global geothermal production reached 97 terawatt-hours in 2019. they were providing electricity to roughly 77 million households.

One captivating aspect of geothermal energy is its constant availability. Unlike solar or wind power, which rely on weather conditions, geothermal power plants can operate 24/7 throughout the year.

Furthermore, It makes reliable and stable source of electricity generation, ensuring a consistent power supply even during unpredictable weather events or changing seasons.

5. Biomass Energy

Biomass converts organic matter (plants, wood, agricultural waste) into energy. It’s considered carbon-neutral if managed sustainably. However, improper practices can lead to emissions.

Yet, concerns arise. Corn-based ethanol faces criticism for competing with the food supply and encouraging harmful practices. Shipping U.S. wood pellets to Europe for burning raises debate.

Sustainable energy solutions target biomass conversion, waste reduction, and waste mitigation. According to IEA, biomass could contribute up to 18% of global electricity by 2050.

How Renewable Energy Helps Climate Change [Some Powerful Points You Must Know]

Renewable energy is critical in mitigating climate change by offering a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels, the primary contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. Here are detailed explanations of how renewable energy helps combat climate change:

Using Renewable Energy to Cut Carbon Gas Emissions

In operation, renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, hydroelectricity, geothermal, and biomass emit little greenhouse gases. By contrast, fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas emit carbon dioxide (CO2) and other pollutants, contributing to global warming.

In fact, at the Second Committee on Economic and Financial Sustainable Development, speakers emphasized renewable energy sources as a cost-effective solution to expand electricity access.

Besides, Togo ams to achieve 100% reliance on renewables by 2030, using public-private partnerships and solar kits. Vietnam plans to triple renewable energy production by 2030, while Tonga targets 50% renewable energy by 2020.

Speakers also stressed the need for sustainable production, biodiversity protection, and fulfilling development commitments. By shifting to renewables, we can significantly reduce these emissions and limit the planet’s warming.

Protect Natural Habitats

Fuel extraction harms natural habitats, displacing animals and disrupting fish migration. It contributes to species extinction, especially for those dependent on native environments. In contrast, renewable energy practices prioritize responsible development.

Contractors meticulously choose plant locations, considering local wildlife impact. In the U.S., the EPA evaluates land for renewable potential, while in the U.K., offshore wind projects must be approved by the government, protecting exclusion zones like nature reserves.

Such policies, seen globally, exemplify renewable energy’s commitment to habitat protection and sustainable practices.

Adaptation to Climate Change

Renewable energy adaptation can provide reliable and decentralized power sources. Traditional centralized power systems are vulnerable to disruptions in regions prone to extreme weather events.

Yet, these risks can be mitigated with renewable energy sources distributed across various locations. Even, suggests that decentralized renewable energy installations have proven more reliable after natural disasters than centralized grids.

Another significant advantage is the flexibility and scalability of renewable energy systems. Unlike fossil fuel-based infrastructure, renewable systems can be rapidly deployed to meet changing conditions.

It allows quicker recovery after disasters and provides communities timely access to electricity during emergencies. Moreover, this scalable capacity enables renewable energy solutions to meet growing demand easily.

Reduced Air Pollution

Renewable energy has emerged as a powerful weapon in the fight against air pollution, resulting in significant environmental improvements. Traditional energy sources, such as fossil fuels, release harmful pollutants into the air when burned.

These pollutants include carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM). We can drastically reduce these emissions by switching to renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydroelectric power.

Over the next two decades, a substantial $2.5 trillion investment is essential for electricity generation. Renewables emit 90-99% fewer GHGs than coal and entail 70-90% lower pollution. While shifting to non-fossil fuel renewables can mitigate environmental effects, it’s vital to recognize impacts across all energy generation methods.

However, renewable energy technologies generate electricity without producing these pollutants, leading to cleaner air and improved public health.

Enhanced Energy Security

It has become increasingly important in enhancing energy security in recent years. Traditionally, many countries have relied heavily on fossil fuels to meet their energy needs, leaving them vulnerable to price fluctuations and geopolitical tensions.

In contrast, renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower provide a more secure and reliable alternative. Besides, one key advantage of renewable energy is its abundant availability. Renewable sources are virtually limitless, unlike finite fossil fuel reserves susceptible to depletion.

Also, it reduces the risk of supply chain disruptions and ensures a stable power source for countries that harness these resources effectively. Moreover, diversifying the energy mix with renewables reduces dependency on imported fossil fuels.

Create Job which Helps to Increase Economic Growth

Investing in renewable energy creates jobs and boosts economic growth. Renewable-based economies require infrastructure development, such as solar farms and wind turbines, which create jobs.

Renewable energy stands out for its job-intensive nature compared to mechanized fossil fuel technologies. Solar panel installation and wind farm maintenance require human involvement, resulting in more jobs per unit of electricity generated.

However, In the U.S., the wind energy sector employed over 100,000 in 2016, with $13.0 billion in investments. The solar industry created 260,000 jobs, and hydroelectric and geothermal employed 66,000 and 5,800, respectively.

In fact, supporting renewables could further boost employment; a 25% renewable energy standard could generate three times more jobs than fossil fuels.

Moreover, local economies benefit through tax revenues and landowner income. Renewable energy addresses environmental concerns and fosters significant economic growth and community development.

Measures Taken to Mitigate Ocean Acidification

Ocean acidification is caused by burning fossil fuels, which also affects the atmosphere. Excess CO2 in the atmosphere dissolves into the oceans, leading to a decrease in pH levels.

As carbon dioxide levels rise in the atmosphere due to fossil fuel consumption, water bodies absorb more of this greenhouse gas, increasing acidity. Despite this, renewable energy sources like solar and wind power can significantly reduce carbon emissions and slow acidification.

By transitioning to renewables, we can break free from our dependence on fossil fuels and decrease carbon emissions at their source. It is key because reducing atmospheric CO2 levels is crucial for combating ocean acidification. Additionally, renewable energy technologies can potentially power coastal communities directly affected by rising acidity levels.

It can harm marine ecosystems, particularly coral reefs and shellfish populations. Reducing CO2 emissions through renewable energy adoption can help mitigate ocean acidification and preserve marine biodiversity.

Innovating In The Technology Sector

Usually, renewable energy is significantly innovating the technology sector, with advancements in various areas driving new possibilities and opportunities. According to data from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IREA), renewable energy capacity worldwide increased by 10.3% in 2020. This surge can be attributed to key technological innovations within the sector.

One crucial development in renewable energy technology is the improvement of solar power efficiency. Materials such as perovskite and tandem cells have shown great potential to increase conversion rates and lower costs.

According to IREA, solar photovoltaics will be the world’s cheapest electricity source by 2030. Another area witnessing significant innovation is wind power generation. Wind farms become more efficient and productive as turbine design and engineering advance.

Due to stronger blades and larger rotors, offshore wind turbines have grown significantly. Therefore, wind power installations have consistently exceeded expectations worldwide, making them a viable contender for global energy needs.

Sustainable Long-Term Development

Energy from renewable sources offers long-term economic development opportunities as an alternative to traditional fossil fuel sources. Recent years have shifted towards renewable energy, with countries like China, the United States, and Germany leading the way.

According to data from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), global renewable capacity has grown by 50% over the past five years. One of the key advantages of renewable energy is its potential for job creation.

A study by IRENA found that renewable energy employment reached 11 million jobs worldwide in 2018. It represents an increase of 700,000 jobs compared to the previous year.

Furthermore, this growth trend is expected to continue as more countries embrace renewables to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.

Is Renewable Energy Good For The Environment?

Yes, renewable energy is good for the environment. Because it reduces greenhouse gas emissions, minimizes air and water pollution, and reduces climate change.

While there is no denying the benefits of renewables, such as solar and wind power, we must also consider their potential drawbacks. In particular, renewable technologies have harmful environmental impacts during manufacturing and disposal.

Producing solar panels requires rare earth metals that often involve destructive mining practices. Similarly, wind turbines require significant steel and concrete, emitting greenhouse gases during production. Moreover, the disposal of these technologies at the end of their lifecycle creates additional challenges.

Which Renewable Energy Source Is The Best For Climate Change?

While several renewable energy options are available today, such as solar power, wind power, hydropower, and geothermal energy, determining which is best for climate change can be a complex task.

Solar power has gained popularity recently due to its ability to generate electricity without emitting harmful greenhouse gases. Despite its benefits, solar power typically relies on batteries for storing excess energy.

Wind power, on the other hand, involves harnessing the natural force of the wind to generate electricity. Despite its cost-effectiveness, concerns about its impact on birds and noise pollution have been raised.

When considering which renewable energy source is best for climate change, it’s important to note that there is more than a one-size-fits-all solution. Each source has unique advantages and challenges depending on geographical location, sustainability goals, and societal impacts.

Renewable Energy For The Future: Why Is It Important?

Renewable energy is important for the future because it is an abundant and sustainable power source. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), renewable energy accounted for nearly 30% of global electricity generation in 2020, and this percentage is expected to rise as countries shift away from fossil fuels.

With technological advancements, renewable energy sources such as solar and wind have become more cost-effective and efficient. However, renewable energy is crucial for the future due to its role in:

Reducing the impact of climate change

Renewable energy significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions, a key driver of climate change. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), increasing global renewable energy capacity to 36% by 2030 could limit global warming to below 2°C.

Advantages for Health

Transitioning to renewables reduces air pollution, improving public health. According to the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, renewable energy adoption could prevent 3 million premature deaths by 2040.

Job Creation

It is a major job creator. In 2020, the sector employed around 12 million people globally, with solar photovoltaic (P.V.) and wind power alone employing 3.8 million and 1.2 million workers, respectively (IRENA).

Helps to Grow the Economy

Renewable energy investments stimulate economies. In the U.S., each $1 million invested in renewable energy creates three times more jobs than investing in fossil fuels, supporting sustainable growth (U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory).

A Sustainable Future

Renewable energy aligns with the U.N. Sustainable Development Goals, particularly SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy) and SDG 13 (Climate Action). You are creating a more sustainable and equitable future.

Ensure Energy Security

Diversifying energy sources with renewables enhances resilience and reduces reliance on volatile fossil fuel markets. In 2020, renewable energy provided 29.3% of global electricity, contributing to energy stability (IRENA).


How does Renewable Energy Help the Environment Essay?

The use of renewable energy reduces harmful emissions by making use of natural resources like sunlight, wind, and water. By reducing air and water pollution, addressing climate change, and promoting a sustainable future, it differs from fossil fuels.

What is the Role of Green Energy in Environmental Conservation?

Green energy, such as sunlight, wind, and water, plays a pivotal role in environmental conservation. Unlike carbon-intensive fossil fuels, it offers sustainable power, curbing emissions and promoting a cleaner, replenishable energy future.

Why is Renewable Energy Important to the Economy?

Renewable energy boosts economies by reducing dependence on costly fossil fuels, fostering job creation, and stabilizing energy prices. It enhances economic resilience and supports long-term growth and prosperity.

Which Energy Source Contributes the Most to Climate Change?

Coal is the most significant contributor to climate change. It contributes over 0.3°C to the global temperature rise of 1°C. As a result, temperatures are increasing at a faster rate. Burning oil releases substantial carbon emissions, accounting for about a third of the world’s total.

What is the Role of Renewable Energy in Environmental Sustainability?

Renewable energy fosters environmental sustainability by minimizing carbon emissions, reducing pollution, and conserving natural resources. It curbs ecological impact and supports a cleaner, balanced ecosystem.

Last Words

Climate change demands immediate action, and renewable energy is a key component. Renewable sources can mitigate the existential threats of climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving air quality, and fostering a more sustainable energy landscape.

With renewable energy technologies, we protect our environment and pave the way for a resilient, equitable, and promising future for future generations.

Hence, if you still have questions, how renewable energy helps climate change? please read the entire article again. Our answer to this question is as good as we can make it.

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